See below the CLB Chart below for more useful Grammar Links.
When you are done all the 'pink stars' in each level starting from the CLB 1-2 column, and finishing with the CLB 3-4 column, put a happy face beside your adjective name in the table below.
- Kinetic 09/15

Adjective
Name
eduLINC
Username=Password
Class
GG
CLB 1-2
GG CLB 3-4
GG CLB 5-6
GG CLB 7-8

Hopeful
S4573
LHS





Important
S4579
CB 3-5





Romantic
S4580
CCS 4-5
J




Sweet48
S4582
CB 3-5





Sweet
S4585
CB 3-5





Natural
S4586
CB 3-5
:-)




Magnetic
S4589
CB 3-5
J




Merry
S33531
CCS4-5





Shiny
S33532
CCS4-5





Rosy
S33533
CCS4-5





Famous
S33534
CCS4-5





Lively
S33535
CCS4-5





Lucky
S33536
CCS4-5





Peaceful
S33537
CCS4-5





Modern
S33538
CCS4-5





Hopeful
S33539
CCS4-5





Bright
S33540
CB 3-5





Super
S33541
CB 3-5





Happy
S33542
CB 3-5





Equal
S33543
CCS4-5





Beautiful
S33544
CB 3-5





Alluring
S33545
CB 3-5





Real
S33546
CB 3-5





Lovely
S33547
CB 3-5





Intelligent
S33548
CB 3-5





Inspired
S33549
CB 3-5





Wonderful
S33550
CB 3-5





Great
S33551
CB 3-5





Musical
S33552
CB 3-5





Mighty
S33553
CB 3-5





Amazing27
S33554
CB 3-5





Amazing
S33555
CCS4-5





Lovely
S33556
CCS4-5





Friendly
S33557
CCS4-5





Unique
S33558
CB 3-5





XXX
S33559-S33578
CB 5-8





XX
S33579
??





XX
S33580
CCS 4-5





Adorable
S33581
CCS 4-5






S33582







S33583







S33584







S33585







S33586






KULSAR
S33587
LHS





ZAKHLA
S33588
LHS





ALYGEO
S33589
LHS





Daring
S33590
Teacher














Grammar Proficiency at Canadian Language Benchmarks 1-10**
Source: Grammar Spiralling Grid, The Adult ESL Curriculum Guidelines, Toronto Catholic District School Board

Here are some websites to practice grammar items from CLB: Canadian Language Benchmarks 1 to 10.
You can also google the 'grammar item' to find other useful resources to practice.
You may notice that some websites are useful to you for many Grammar items. Take notice of your favourite grammar practice websites.

Grammar Items
(in an alphabetical order)
CLB 1 - 2
CLB 3 - 4
CLB 5 - 6
CLB 7 - 8
CLB 9 - 10
Learning material available online (click links below)
Additions to remarks, e.g. so do I, neither is she


*
*
*
'So do I' activity
Adjectives:





Everything about adjectives
possessive, demonstrative, e.g. my, she, this
*
*
*
*
*
Explanation of possessive 's'
comparative, superlative; intensifiers, e.g. taller, the tallest; much taller
*
*
*
*
*
Comparative and superlative adjectives
indefinite adjectives

*
*
*
*
Explanation and exercises
equative, non-equative


*
*
*
Explanation and Exercises at Bottom of Page
order of adjectives


*
*
*
adjective order
adjectives with definite article, e.g. the rich


*
*
*

present and past participles

*
*
*
*
Participial adjectives Exercise
linking verbs + adjectives


*
*
*
Linking verbs+adj Exercise
Adjective clauses:






defining and non-defining



*
*
Adjective clauses
reducing adjective clauses (leaving out relative pronoun)



*
*
Point 2 re: reducing
prepositions in adjective clauses (at the end/beginning)




*
Prepositions in adjective clauses
Adverbs:






adverbs of frequency
*
*
*
*
*
http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/adverbs-frequency.htm
adverbs of time, place, manner
*
*
*
*
*
Exercises
comparative, superlative; intensifiers (adverbs of degree)


*
*
*
Exercise
equative, non-equative

*
*
*
*
Equative Adverb Exercises
adverbs and word order (position of adverbs)


*
*
*
order of Adverbs word order
adverbial phrases





Exercises
Adverb clauses


*
*
*
Adverbials on BBC
Articles:





Articles Some more examples
Using Articles
definite, indefinite
*
*
*
*
*
The/a
http://www.eslwriting.org/12967/learn-english-writing-articles-esl-students-essays-composition/
articles in names of places


*
*
*
Jennifer's video
articles in phrases of time and place
*
*
*
*
*
http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/preps_time.html
Conditional sentences:





Conditional sentences
Practice the IF clauses
real conditionals: present, future, i.e. 0 and 1st conditional


*
*
*
0&1st conditionals
unreal conditionals: present, i.e. 2nd conditional


*
*
*
2nd conditional song on youtube
another exercise
unreal conditionals: past, i.e. 3rd conditional



*
*
Third conditional
should in present conditionals



*
*
Should you see him again, walk the other way!
omitting 'if' (inversion in conditionals)



*
*
Omitting IF
implied conditions




*
Implied conditions
mixed conditionals




*
Mixed
wish



*
*
Wish Examples
Wish 2 Wish 3
Emphatic structures:





Adding emphasis
do


*
*
*
http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-43994.php
http://www.tolearnenglish.com/exercises/exercise-english-2/exercise-english-47059.php
no vs. not


*
*
*
Exercise
cleft sentences (it, wh-)




*
Cleft Sentence Exercises
Fronted negatives (none, no, neither)




*
Fronted Negative Exercises
Gerunds and infinitives:






present form after common verbs


*
*
*

gerunds and infinitives as subject, object, complement



*
*

past form



*
*
Compare present and past gerund fprms
past and passive forms




*

Logical connectors:






sequence markers

*
*
*
*
Logical and sequence connectors
coordinating conjunctions

*
*
*
*
Exercises about conjunctions
correlative (paired) conjunctions


*
*
*

sentence connectors (subordinate conjunctions)


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*
*
Subordinating Conjunction Exercises
transitions (discourse organizers)



*
*
Transition exercises
Modals:





Modals - Advanced analysis
request
*
*
*
*
*
Exercises
ability, possibility
*
*
*
*
*
Can, may, must explanation and quiz
necessity, obligation, permission, prohibition

*
*
*
*
Compare Modals of Obligation and Modals of Suggestion (exercise)
certainty, probability


*
*
*
Modals of Certainty and Probability (Great Explanation and Exercises!)
suggestion, advice, promise

*
*
*
*
Modals of Advice (exercises)
habitual past


*
*
*

advisability and past modals



*
*
Advisability Modal Exercises
Nouns:






singular, plural
*
*
*
*
*
http://www.talkenglish.com/grammar/singular-plural-nouns.aspx
countable, non-countable
*
*
*
*
*
http://www.edufind.com/english-grammar/countable-and-uncountable-nouns/
collective (pair and group nouns)

*
*
*
*
recognize common, proper, abstract and collective nouns (exercise)
possessive forms
*
*
*
*
*
Saxon Genitive
noun modifiers

*
*
*
*
Explanation and quiz
Noun clauses



*
*

Passive Voice:






transitive, intransitive verbs


*
*
*
Quiz
causative 'have'



*
*

Partitives

*
*
*
*

Phrasal verbs:






common phrasal verbs

*
*
*
*
Common Phrasal Verb List and Meanings (see Quiz at Bottom of Page)
separable, non-separable


*
*
*

Prepositions:






time, place, movement, duration, purpose
*
*
*
*
*
Prepositions time, place, direction exercises
verb/adjective+preposition clusters

*
*
*
*

Pronouns:






subject, object, demonstrative
*
*
*
*
*
Replace Nouns with Pronoun (exercise)
interrogative, possessive
*
*
*
*
*
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/pronouns-relative-reflexive-interrogative-possessive.html#lesson
reflexive, indefinite

*
*
*
*
Reflexive Pronoun (exercises)
relative, reciprocal

*
*
*
*
Relative Pronoun Exercises
Quantifiers

*
*
*
*

Questions:






yes/no
*
*
*
*
*
Yes/No Questions (Explanation and Exercises)
wh-
*
*
*
*
*
Exercises
embedded questions


*
*
*
Embedded Question (exercises)
tag questions



*
*
Exercises
Reported Speech






reporting affirmative/negative sentences, questions and imperatives


*
*
*

sequence of tenses
*
*
*
*
*
Exercises
Subjunctive mode




*
http://www.eslmonster.com/article/as-ifas-though-past-subjunctive
http://www3.telus.net/linguisticsissues/subjunctive.html
http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.com/2006/06/subjunctive-verbs.html
There is, There are



*
*
Exercises
Verbs:






be
*
*
*
*
*
To be, to have, to go exercises
have
*
*
*
*
*
To have, to be, to go exercises
negative forms
*
*
*
*
*
Negative Forms (exercises)
imperatives
*
*
*
*
*
Imperative Verb Exercises
Verb tenses:






verb tenses as phrases in order to achieve outcomes, e.g. I was born
*
*
*
*
*

Simple Present, Present Continuous
*
*
*
*
*
http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/grammar/simcon.htm
Simple Future, to be going to

*
*
*
*
Exercises
Simple Past (regular, irregular verbs)

*
*
*
*
Simple Past Regular Verb Forms: quiz
Past Continuous

*
*
*
*
Past Continuous (exercises)
Present Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous


*
*
*
Verb Tense Explanation and Many Exercises
Past Perfect


*
*
*
Past Perfect Exercises
Future Continuous


*
*
*
Explanation and Exercises
Future Perfect (Continuous)



*
*
Many Exercises!
Past Perfect Continuous



*
*
Test Yourself!
Simple Present with future time markers



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*
Simple Present and Simple Future with Future Time Markers (exercises)
Present Continuous with future time markers


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*
*
Present Continuous (exercises)
Present Continuous with always



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*
Present Continous with"always" see use 4 (exercises)
Word order in a sentence






S + V + O
*
*
*
*
*
English word order exercises
S + V + C
*
*
*
*
*
Subject verb compliment you tube presentation
S + V + DO + IO

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*
*
*
Quiz comparing different Word Orders
Other:






Subject-verb agreement
*
*
*
*
*
http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/sv_agr.htm
Parallel structures


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*
*
Grammatical Parallelism CLB 7+
Word formation: prefixes and suffixes

*
*
*
*

Punctuation and capitalization
*
*
*
*
*
http://www.grammarbook.com/english_rules.asp
Spelling
*
*
*
*
*
Spelling City: practice spelling
Note-taking conventions


*
*
*

Paragraph-writing conventions

*
*
*
*
Paragraph Writing Exercises
Note-writing conventions

*
*
*
*
http://www.goodletterwriting.com/writing-conventions.html
Memo-writing conventions


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*
*

Letter-writing conventions


*
*
*

Email- writing conventions


*
*
*
email etiquette
Essay-writing conventions


*
*
*
http://www.uefap.com/writing/writfram.htm
References, quotations, bibliography conventions


*
*
*

Report-writing conventions (informal/form reports)


*
*
*

Report-, proposal-writing conventions (formal reports)



*
*

grammar terms





http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/terms.htm















http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/nouns-possessive.htmAdverbs of time, place, mannerExplanation and exercises

Grammar Resources – The Good Ones
  • http://www.espressoenglish.net/ -- Shayna. from the United States, currently in Brazil, English teacher and translator. CELTA certification will send mini English lessons and free eBooks to your email address. nicely crafted visual presentations with grammar notes.
  • **English Page** The best verb tense resource. Print and go. clear explanations of all tenses plus exercises.
  • **ESL Jokes** - Lessons that start with a joke – graded by Level
  • **bogglesworldesl**.com/ - Worksheets, lesson plans, and activities, printable resources for TESOL, TEFL and Young Learner ...
  • **http://www.ESLFlow.com** - created by ESL teacher, Peter Snashall, has hundreds of excellent lesson plans and ideas Materials are organized into three levels and twenty categories, among them Icebreakers, Grammar, Vocabulary, Debate, Reading, Pronunciation, Communication Techniques, and Academic Writing.
  • ESL Galaxy PrintablesExample – Festivals crosswordpre-intermediate over 2368 worksheets constantly updated
  • English ClubGrammar, Warm Ups And Time Fillers - ideas
  • Theme Lessons, Skills Lessons. Listen To News, Language Tools - dictionary and thesauraus sites
    • **Rong** **Chang**a starting point for ESL / EFL learners who want to study English through the Web. The site is updated constantly. It refers you to hundreds of other high-quality resources.
    • Mike the Grammar tutor answers questions. **Talk to Tutor Mike**
      • Here is a recent conversation I had with him.
      • YOU: Hi Mike, do I say: "None of us is cold" OR "None of us are cold" ? Mike: You say None of us is cold. YOU: How do I use the Present Perfect Continuous? Mike: The PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE indicates a continuous action that started in the past, continues until now, and is still continuing, or the action finished a moment ago.
  • Using English.com **Lesson Plans – ready to print** - Nicely formatted worksheets - Graded by level, theme and purpose
  • TeachThis.com EFL/ESL Activities, Worksheets, Lessons
  • Activities are labelled with level and time allowance. Nicely formatted and ready to print for class
  • **TEFL.NET Lesson Plans** Some lesson plans are arranged by level, but all adapt easily.
  • **Lingua Press** - Intermediate and advanced - Limited selection, but good quality and comprehensive reading lesson plans - print and go.

ØWelcome to the Study Zone! – University of Victoria

ØChoose your English language level - Grammar Bytes: chompchomp.com - Good Quality handouts and online exercises for upper intermediate and above

ØMy English Pages-LeaRN ENGLISH GRAMMAR ONLINE


PHRASAL VERBS:

Separable > Use a pronoun as the object of the verb and must be separated.
Yes > I called him up
No > I called up him

Non Separable > the preposition must follow the main verb.
YES > Could you get off the phone please ?
No > Could you get the phone off ?

These phrasal verbs you use everyday, so you should learn it.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NglZpVcQ3Ww

The link below for PDF file of all phrasal verbs, which may help in learning English .
http://wikilinc-clic.wikispaces.com/file/view/Phrasal+Verbs+List.pdf/415408384/Phrasal%20Verbs%20List.pdf


Verb Tense description and practice

http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage

- Keen, 120308

Grammar Items – LINC Level 4

  1. Adjectives: Present / past participle
  2. Adjective clauses
  3. Adverbs: Equative, non-equative
  4. Adverb clauses
  5. Conditional sentences: Real, unreal
  6. Gerunds and infinitives
  7. Logical connectors: Transition words, adverbial clause words
  8. Pronouns: Relative, reciprocal, indefinite
  9. Questions: Embedded
  10. Rejoinders
  11. Speech: Reported Speech


Grammar Items – LINC Level 3
  1. Adjectives: Intensifier, equative, non-equative
  2. Adjective phrases
  3. Adverbs: Intensifier, comparative, superlative, duration
  4. Expressions: Quantity
  5. Modals: Obligation, prohibition, degrees of certainty, habitual past
  6. Phrasal verbs: separable, non-separable
  7. Pronouns: reflexive
  8. Questions: Tag
  9. Speech: Direct
  10. Verbs: Verbs + gerunds or infinitives to express likes,, dislikes, needs, wants
  11. Verb tenses: Past continuous, present perfect


The Eight Parts of Speech
Noun - A word which is a person, place, thing or idea.
Examples: Mount Everest, book, horse, Peter, strength, car, Empire State Building, China, house, child
Pronoun - A word that is used to take the place of a noun.
Examples: I, they, their, ourselves, itself, your, my, nobody, who, which, her, we
Adjective - A word that is used to describe a noun or pronoun.
Examples: proud, purple, French, few, this, huge, sad, second, none
Verb - A word that indicates an action, being or state or being.
Examples: play, run, think, study, smell, wait, be, drive, renounce, fill
Adverb - A word that is used to describe a verb which tells how, where, or when something is done.
Examples: carefully, often, very, intelligently, quite, too, rarely, never
Conjunction - A word that is used to join words or groups of words.
Examples: and, or, but, neither, because, while, since, although
Preposition - A word used indicating the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word.
Examples: in, until, of, from, after, under, beyond, across, toward
Interjection - A single word used to express strong emotion.
Examples: Wow! Ah! Oh! No!



Rank
Base Form
Past Tense Form
Past Participle
1
say
said
said
2
make
made
made
3
go
went
gone
4
take
took
taken
5
come
came
come
6
see
saw
seen
7
know
knew
known
8
get
got
got/gotten (US)
9
give
gave
given
10
find
found
found
11
think
thought
thought
12
tell
told
told
13
become
became
become
14
show
showed
shown
15
leave
left
left
16
feel
felt
felt
17
put
put
put
18
bring
brought
brought
19
begin
began
begun
20
keep
kept
kept
21
hold
held
held
22
write
wrote
written
23
stand
stood
stood
24
hear
heard
heard
25
let
let
let
26
mean
meant
meant
27
set
set
set
28
meet
met
met
29
run
ran
run
30
pay
paid
paid
31
sit
sat
sat
32
speak
spoke
spoken
33
lie
lay
lain
34
lead
led
led
35
read
read
read
36
grow
grew
grown
37
lose
lost
lost
38
fall
fell
fallen
39
send
sent
sent
40
build
built
built
41
understand
understood
understood
42
draw
drew
drawn
43
break
broke
broken
44
spend
spent
spent
45
cut
cut
cut
46
rise
rose
risen
47
drive
drove
driven
48
buy
bought
bought
49
wear
wore
worn
50
choose
chose
chosen

Here is a brief review of the differences between gerunds and infinitives.
|| || Gerunds are formed with ING:
walking, talking, thinking, listening

Infinitives are formed with TO:
to walk, to talk, to think, to listen




Gerunds and infinitives can do several jobs:
|| || Both gerunds and infinitives can be the subject of a sentence::
||
Writing in English is difficult.To write in English is difficult.


Both gerunds and infinitives can be the object of a verb::
I like writing in English.I like to write in English.

But...

Only gerunds can be the object of a preposition::
We are talking about writing in English.


It is often difficult to know when to use a gerund and when to use an infinitive. These guidelines may help you:
|| || Gerunds are often used when actions are real, concrete or completed::
||
I stopped smoking.(The smoking was real and happened until I stopped.)


Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future::
I stopped to smoke.(I was doing something else, and I stopped; the smoking had not happened yet.)




What are Phrasal Verbs?
There are four types of phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs can be separable or inseparable and they can take an object or not. Here is a guide to the basics of phrasal verbs.
Phrasal Verbs which Take Objects Phrasal verbs which take objects can be separable or inseparable: Separable phrasal verbs can remain together when using an object that is a noun or noun phrase.
  • I picked Tom up. OR I picked up Tom.
  • They put their friends up. OR They put up their friends.
Separable phrasal verbs MUST be separated when a pronoun is used:
  • We picked him up at the station. NOT We picked up him at the station.
  • They put them up. NOT They put up them.
Inseparable phrasal verbs always remain together. It makes no difference if a noun or pronoun is used.
  • We set off for the beach. / We set off for it.
  • They are looking after the children. / They are looking after them.
Phrasal Verbs which Don't Take Objects Some phrasal verbs do not take objects. These phrasal verbs are ALWAYS inseparable.
  • They thieves got away.
  • The bus broke down on the way to work.
  • She got up early.
If you are not sure whether a phrasal verb is separable or inseparable, ALWAYS use a noun or nouns phrase and DO NOT separate. In this manner, you will always be correct! Separable Phrasal Verbs: bring up, take off
  • They brought up their children to respect others.
  • She took off her jacket before she began the lesson.
Inseparable Phrasal Verbs: look for, set off
  • She was looking for her books when he arrived.
  • They set off for a wonderful holiday in Hawaii.
Three-word Phrasal Verbs Some verbs are followed by two prepositions (or adverbs). These phrasal verbs are ALWAYS inseparable.
  • I'm looking forward to meeting John. OR I'm looking forward to meeting him.
  • They didn't get on with their mother. OR They didn't get on with her.

ADJECTIVE PHRASES
K. Hanson
Adjective clauses can be reduced to adjective phrases under certain grammatical conditions. In the examples below, you will see a noun modified by an adjective clause and then an example of the same noun modified by the shorter adjective phrase. The red dots indicate that the main clause is incomplete as you are focusing only on clause-to-phrase reduction in these examples. For such reductions to occur, the relative pronoun must be a subject pronoun in all cases.
Grammatical Condition
Clause
Phrase
Verb in adjective clause is an active verb
People who livein large cities...
people living in large cities...
Verb in adjective clause is progressive
Students who are studying at urban campuses...
Students studying at urban campuses...
Verb in adjective clause is passive
Children who are born with congenital heart disease...
Children born with congenital heart disease... (the preferred style)
Adj. clause has the verb be + adjective + infinitive complement
Children who are most likely to recover from serious illness...
Children most likely to recover from serious illness...
Adj. clause has another name for the modified noun (an appositive)
Dr. Francisco Ramirez, who is chief pediatric surgeon atChildren's Hospital,...
Dr. Francisco Ramirez, chief pediatric surgeon at Children's Hospital,... the appositive phrase is preferred style and is non-restrictive.
Listen to reductions of adjective clauses
Find out more about verbals, click verbals under Parts of Speech. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/index2.html#parts
Find out more about appositives. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/grammar/g_appos.html
READING CHALLENGE
The following news article provides information about an important new medical advance in the treatment of heart disease. The first time you read the article, read for information. Then take the reading quiz below.
The second time you read the article, use it as a grammar search and review. Print out the article and follow these directions:
1. [Bracket] all adjective clauses and underline the nouns they modify.
2. Put (parentheses) around adjective phrases and underline the nouns they modify.
3. Circle appositives. Underline the nouns they identify or modify.
4. Identify adjective clauses, phrases, and appositives as Restrictive (R) or Nonrestrictive (NR). Write this information in the margins of the reading.
You will find examples of each type of adjective phrase listed above. Open the Check Grammar Search link only after you have reread the article and searched for adjective clauses and phrases of the various types listed above.
Read the article
Take the Reading Quiz
Print the article, do the grammar search, and fill in table 1 and table 2, which you will need to print off.
Check Grammar Search